When it comes to wheel fitting, many car enthusiasts might find themselves wondering if wheels with a bolt pattern of 5×114.3 will fit on a car with a bolt pattern of 5×100.
Bolt patterns are crucial to ensuring the correct fit for wheels on your vehicle, and mismatched patterns can lead to unsafe and damaging situations.
Having the correct bolt pattern is important for safety and performance. For wheel fitting, the distance between the bolt holes is the key factor to consider.
For a 5×100 bolt pattern, adjacent holes would be 58.78 mm apart, while for a 5×114.3 bolt pattern, they would be 67.18 mm apart.
In some instances, wheel spacers or adapters might be used to attempt wheel conversion.
However, it is essential to consider the practical aspects of converting bolt patterns and the potential impacts on your vehicle’s performance and safety.
- Bolt patterns are essential for proper wheel fitting on your vehicle
- The distance between adjacent bolt holes varies for 5×100 and 5×114.3 patterns
- Consider the potential impact on safety and performance when attempting wheel conversion
Understanding Wheel Fitting
Fundamentals of Bolt Patterns
Bolt patterns play a crucial role in wheel fitment. They indicate the number of bolts and the distance between them, e.g., 5×100 or 5×114.3.
To determine compatibility, measure the distance between the centers of two adjacent holes in millimeters.
- 5×100: a bolt pattern with 5 holes, 100mm apart
- 5×114.3: a bolt pattern with 5 holes, 114.3mm apart
While considering wheel fitment, you might want to explore alternative wheel sizing options, especially if you find a set of wheels with the right bolt pattern but a different diameter. In this case, wheel spacers might be a feasible option.
Will 5×114.3 Fit 5×100? Understanding Wheel Offset
Wheel offset is another important factor in fitting wheels to your vehicle. It refers to the distance between the wheel’s mounting surface and its centerline.
Here are the types of wheel offsets:
- Positive offset: The mounting surface is towards the outside of the wheel (common in FWD vehicles)
- Negative offset: The mounting surface is towards the inside of the wheel (common in RWD vehicles)
- Zero offset: The mounting surface is exactly at the wheel’s centerline
To ensure proper fitment, consider the following when selecting wheels:
- The desired bolt pattern
- Wheel diameter, based on your vehicle specifications and desired performance
- The wheel’s offset
Here is a comparison table for 5×100 and 5×114.3 bolt patterns:
|Bolt Pattern||Distance Between Holes||Common Applications||Interchangeability|
|5×100||58.78mm (2.31in)||Subaru, VW, Audi, and more||Not directly interchangeable with 5×114.3|
|5×114.3||67.18mm (2.64in)||Honda, Acura, Ford, and more||Not directly interchangeable with 5×100|
While 5×100 and 5×114.3 are both 5-hole bolt patterns, they have different distances between the holes, so they’re not directly interchangeable.
If you want to use wheels with a different bolt pattern than your vehicle’s original bolt pattern, you can explore options like adapters and wheel spacers.
However, make sure to carefully consider factors like wheel offset, diameter and vehicle performance before making any changes.
The Concept of Wheel Conversion
When and Why Is Conversion Required
Sometimes, you might want to use different wheels on your vehicle. This can be due to various reasons such as aesthetics, performance, or wheel availability.
However, wheels come with specific bolt patterns, and mismatching patterns might not fit your car’s hubs.
For example, a 5×100 to 5×114.3 conversion may be required if you own a Subaru WRX and want to use wheels with a 5×114.3 pattern.
Understanding Wheel Adapters
Wheel adapters are the solution to this issue. They allow you to convert your vehicle’s bolt pattern to match the new wheel pattern.
But how do they work? Here’s a brief introduction to wheel adapters.
Hub-centric design: Your wheel adapter should be designed to maintain the hub-centric properties of your vehicle, ensuring a precise, vibration-free fit.
Materials: Wheel adapters are usually made from 6061 aluminum, which provides the required strength and durability for safe operation.
Perrin Performance Wheel Adapters: Perrin wheel adapters are popular for Subaru conversions. They are machined from 6061 aluminum and specifically designed for hub-centric fitment.
- Bolt pattern conversion from 5×100 to 5×114.3
- 20mm thickness
- Maintains hub-centric design
- Remove your factory wheels, making sure the hubs and wheels are clean before installing the new adapters.
- Position the adapter on the axle, aligning the bolt pattern accurately to ensure proper fitment.
- Fasten the wheel adapter to the hub using the provided lug nuts, then torque to the manufacturer’s specifications.
- Allows the use of a wider variety of wheels
- Facilitates easier fitment of aftermarket brake kits
- Easy installation process
- Possible increased stress on bearings and axles
- Potential for clearance issues with your vehicle’s suspension or body components
Here’s a comparison of 5×100 and 5×114.3 wheel adapters:
|Feature||5×100 Wheel Adapters||5×114.3 Wheel Adapters|
|Bolt Pattern||5×100 to 5×114.3||5×114.3 to 5×100|
|Material||6061 Aluminum||6061 Aluminum|
Overall, converting from 5×100 to 5×114.3 using wheel adapters is a feasible option for wheel fitment. Just ensure you choose high-quality adapters and follow proper installation procedures for safe and reliable use.
The Subaru Context
Wheel Fitment in Subaru Models
In Subaru models, wheel fitment is vital for performance and safety. Different models have varying bolt patterns, including the popular 5×100 and 5×114.3.
For instance, Subaru Impreza, Subaru BRZ, Subaru WRX, and Subaru Crosstrek commonly use the 5×100 bolt pattern.
However, Subaru models like the Legacy and some versions of the Subaru Forester XT utilize the 5×114.3 bolt pattern.
STI Swap and Bolt Patterns
A common upgrade in the Subaru community is the STI swap. This process involves replacing the 5×100 bolt pattern hubs with 5×114.3 hubs from an STI model. The benefits of this swap include:
- Larger wheel bearings for increased durability
- Compatibility with aftermarket STI wheels
Please note that this process replaces your current hubs and should only be attempted if you have the proper knowledge and tools, as improper installation can compromise safety.
Subaru and Rally Wheels
Subaru vehicles are well-known for their rally racing heritage. Rally wheels typically come in various bolt patterns, including 4×100 and 5×114.3. When selecting rally wheels for your Subaru, it is essential to:
- Determine your Subaru’s bolt pattern
- Ensure the offset of the wheels is compatible with your vehicle
For instance, Method 501 rally wheels with 48mm offset may require a spacer to avoid rubbing issues if used with a Subaru on 5×100 bolt patterns.
Remember, choosing the correct bolt pattern is crucial for maintaining the safety and performance of your vehicle.
Be cautious when considering using adapters or spacers to fit wheels with a different bolt pattern, as improper fitment can lead to problems down the road.
The Role of Wheel Spacers
Understanding the Function of Wheel Spacers
Wheel spacers are useful components that help you adapt different bolt patterns and improve the appearance of your car.
They allow you to install aftermarket wheels with incompatible bolt patterns, like fitting 5×114.3 wheels on a 5×100 car.
Wheel spacers also provide additional thickness and change the center bore, making your wheels more flush and improving your car’s overall stance.
For example, if you have a car with a 5×100 bolt pattern and want to fit 5×114.3 aftermarket wheels, you will need wheel spacers designed for this conversion.
These wheel spacers come in specific thicknesses like 25mm and are sold as a pair.
Exploring Specific Wheel Spacer Brands
There are several brands that offer high-quality wheel spacers for 5×100 to 5×114.3 conversions. One such brand is Perrin Performance, which offers wheel adapters under the SKU PSP-WHL-220BK. These adapters are:
- Machined from 6061 aluminum
- Hard anodized for corrosion resistance
- 25mm thick
- Designed with pockets for easy handling
- Sold as a pair
Using these wheel spacers will help you expand your wheel options and ensure a safe fit for your car. The following comparison table compares some popular wheel spacer brands:
|Perrin||6061 Aluminum||25mm||Hard Anodized||56.1mm|
|FactionFab||T6061 Aluminum||20mm||Hard Anodized||56.1mm|
|GKTech||T6061 Aluminum||Various||Hard Anodized||56.1mm|
When choosing wheel spacers, consider factors such as material, thickness, center bore, and finish. Ensure you use low profile lug nuts to achieve the best fit with your aftermarket wheels.
Installation Guide for Wheel Adapters
When considering adapting wheels with a 5×114.3 bolt pattern for use on a vehicle with a 5×100 bolt pattern, such as Toyota 86, Crosstrek, or Subaru BRZ, you’ll need wheel adapters. To install these adapters, follow the quick guide below:
- Ensure the vehicle is on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
- Loosen the wheel nuts/bolts before raising the vehicle.
- Raise the vehicle and remove the wheel.
- Clean the hub mounting surface.
- Install the wheel adapter onto the vehicle hub, aligning the adapter’s bolt pattern with the 5×100 hub.
- Secure the adapter using provided wheel bolts. Torque to manufacturer specifications.
- Place the 5×114.3 wheel onto the adapter’s corresponding bolt pattern.
- Secure the wheel using wheel nuts. Torque to manufacturer specifications.
Note: Always double-check the adapter manufacturer’s instructions for specific installation details.
Understanding Warranties and After-Sale Support
Before purchasing wheel adapters, examine warranties and after-sale support. Dealing with a reputable company ensures that you can confidently contact them for inquiries or assistance. Be aware of the following warranty features:
- Duration of warranty coverage
- What specific parts are covered
- Exclusions or limitations
Exploring the Installation Gallery
To better understand the impact of using wheel adapters, explore installation galleries.
These galleries often showcase successful adaptations and inspire confidence in the product. Here are some benefits of browsing installation galleries:
- Visual examples of wheel adaptation results
- Ideas for possible wheel designs and fitments
- Easily compare your vehicle to others with similar setups
By following proper installation guidelines and fully understanding warranties and after-sale support, you can feel confident in your decision to use wheel adapters on your vehicle.
Browse installation galleries to learn about successful adaptations and visualize possible wheel designs for your 5×100 vehicle.
Wheel fitment is an intricate aspect of vehicle customization and maintenance, with bolt patterns playing a pivotal role in ensuring safety and optimal performance.
While the allure of adapting wheels from one bolt pattern to another, such as from 5×114.3 to 5×100, can be tempting, it’s imperative to approach such modifications with caution.
The use of wheel adapters and spacers can offer a solution, but understanding their proper installation and potential implications is paramount.
Moreover, diving into installation galleries can provide valuable insights and inspiration for those looking to embark on this journey.
Ultimately, while wheel adaptation offers a pathway to aesthetic and performance enhancements, it should always be approached with a thorough understanding and respect for the vehicle’s engineering and safety standards.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I use 5×114.3 wheels on a 5×100 car?
No, you cannot directly use 5×114.3 wheels on a 5×100 car. The bolt patterns are not compatible, and you’ll need adapters to safely install them.
What are the differences between 5×114.3 and 5×100 bolt patterns?
The main differences between 5×114.3 and 5×100 bolt patterns lie in their measurements. In a 5×114.3 pattern, the distance between adjacent bolt holes is about 67.18mm (2.64 inches). Meanwhile, for a 5×100 pattern, that distance is approximately 58.78mm (2.31 inches).
Are there adapters to fit 5×114.3 wheels on a 5×100 car?
Yes, there are wheel adapters designed specifically to fit 5×114.3 wheels on a 5×100 car. However, using adapters may have negative effects on your wheel bearings and suspension, causing faster wear and affecting performance.
What vehicles have a 5×100 bolt pattern?
Vehicles with a 5×100 bolt pattern include various models of Subaru, Toyota, and Volkswagen vehicles. Examples are:
- Subaru: Impreza, Legacy, Forester, and WRX
- Toyota: Celica, Corolla, and Matrix
- Volkswagen: Golf, Jetta, and Beetle
How can I determine if my rims are 5×100?
To identify your rim’s bolt pattern, measure the distance between the center of two adjacent holes. If the distance is about 58.78mm (2.31 inches), your rims have a 5×100 bolt pattern.
Is it safe to use wheels with a different bolt pattern?
Using wheels with a different bolt pattern may cause safety and performance issues. It can result in improper alignment and uneven load distribution. It’s recommended to only use compatible bolt patterns for your vehicle to ensure safe and optimal performance.