7 Reasons Why No Power To Fuel Pump Relay Chevy Truck

Is your Chevy truck stalled and you don’t know why? It’s possible that no power to fuel pump relay Chevy truck is causing the engine to not work. We have shared below some reasons why this is happening and what you can do about it. Read on.

In any vehicle, there are several key components that come together to make the engine work. One of the vital components is a fuel pump.

Simply put, a fuel pump collects fuel from your car’s fuel tank and sends it to the engine’s injectors, which use the fuel for combustion.

When the fuel pump does not work, the engine will not get fuel to run itself, and the car will not work. 

In most cases, the key reason why a fuel pump is not working is because of the fuel pump relay. This issue is unfortunately not new to Chevy truck drivers as well. This article looks at why this happens and how to fix the problem.

No Power To Fuel Pump Relay Chevy Truck

How does a Fuel Pump Relay work?

Before moving on to how we are going to fix this problem, it is important to know the mechanism behind a fuel pump relay. The mechanism is explained below.

Where Does the Fuel Pump Get Power From?

A fuel pump gets its power from the car battery. When you turn on your ignition key, the battery sends power to a fuse, from there to an ignition switch, thereon to the engine control module, and lastly to the relay itself. 

When you start your car, the circuit that forms between these components closes and starts to send power to the ECM relay. 

The ECM relay sends power to the Engine Control Module. It is connected on 4 sides:

  • Ground
  • Input current
  • Battery 
  • ECM

The first two are the control sides, while the last two are the load side. When power flows through the ECM relay and the circuit is completed, the Engine Control Module starts to get power.

The ECM next sends power to the Fuel pump relay, which also has two control sides and two load sides. The Fuel pump relay then sends power to the actual fuel pump, which draws fuel from the fuel tank and sends it to the engine for the combustion process to start.

 

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How to Diagnose No Signal to Fuel Pump?

Now that we understand how the fuel pump gets its power, let’s see why your Chevy truck’s fuel pump might not be getting any power.

Faulty wiring or terminals

One of the main things to look out for is to check whether there is damage to the wiring that connects the fuel pump relay at the front and the actual pump at the back. 

Sometimes, the terminals get corroded and require immediate replacement. You can use a multimeter to check how much power is being drawn from the wires. A multimeter reading of 0 V instead of 12V is indicative of damaged wiring. 

The best possible way to resolve this is to remove the corrosion on the fuel pump terminal connector using electrical contact cleaners. However, if the issue is caused by a poor ground connection, the answer is to use spray contact cleaners in all the parts like the ECM relay, fuel pump relay, and fuel pump. 

No Power To Fuel Pump Relay Chevy Truck

Faulty fuel pump

Any damage to the coil inside the relay will cause the problem consistently until the fuel pump is replaced by a new one. A possible fix is to swap the relay with others of the same rating. You can also try to solve the issue by connecting the load side pins 30 and 87 together through a jumper wire.

Blowing off of fuel pump fuse

The flow of a heavy current will heat the fuel pump fuse and ultimately blow it off. The easiest and most effective fix is to replace the fuse with a new one. 

Faulty ECM

If the ECM is faulted it will not be able to supply power to the fuel pump relay nor ground it properly. There are two possible fixes to this. You can either replace the ECM or use a jumper wire connection as mentioned earlier.

 

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ECM is not supplying power to the fuel pump relay

To fix the power supply issue, clean all the electrical connectors and wirings using spray cleaners and make sure they are not corroded or loose. 

Bad Crankshaft Sensor

A bad crank shaft or cam will not allow to send a signal to the ECM (because it thinks there are no RPMs). In some cases it might cause the fuel pump relay ground to unground, which will disconnect the supply.

Faulty oil pressure switch

If the oil pressure switch does not work properly or the oil pressure level reduces abruptly, the fuel pump relay cannot function properly. In such a case, the oil pressure switch should be replaced by a new one. 

No Power To Fuel Pump Relay Chevy Truck

Faulty ignition switch

The first thing that’ll come to your notice while turning on the ignition key is a buzzing sound that is indicative of prime function. However, sometimes it might happen that one cannot hear this sound and simultaneously the vehicle is not starting. 

Such a phenomenon indicates that either the fuel pump is not able to receive the necessary energy from the battery source or there is some issue with the fuel pump model itself. 

Reasons Why Your Chevy Truck Fuel Pump Relay Is Not Getting Power

There are multiple reasons responsible for a bad fuel pump relay. Such a malfunction brings about the disturbance of the electrical system of the car as a whole. Here are the major symptoms of no power condition.

  1. A disturbance will be created in the power supply of the pump and fuel will be unable to reach the engine.
  2. Any sort of faulted soldering inside the fuel pump relay will ignite the issue.
  3. An issue with a substandard fuel pump can also cause the problem.
  4. An absence of a whirring sound from the fuel pump even after ignition also indicates no power condition in the fuel pump relay chevy truck.

 

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How to Fix No Power to Fuel Pump Relay?

Once you find out the exact reason behind the no-power issue, the solution becomes quite simple. 

  1. Meticulously inspect the three connections from the ECM to the Fuel Pump Relay.
  2. Check for loose or broken connections and clean all of them.
  3. Check the wiring and connection of the ECM connection port. 
  4. The final fix is to replace the ECM with a new one.

How Much Will It Cost You To Solve This Issue?

The cost of resolving the no power issue depends on the intensity of the problem. If the issue lies within connection and wiring, it will cost 10 to 20 dollars. However, if you need to fix a faulted ECM, it would cost around 1000 dollars, including the mechanic cost. 

Frequently Asked Questions:

What gives the fuel pump relay power?

As explained earlier, the fuel pump relay gets its power from the ignition circuit. When you turn on your battery during ignition, the circuit gets closed, and power flows to the fuel pump relay through a series of components.

No Power To Fuel Pump Relay Chevy Truck

How do I know if my fuel pump is getting power?

The most reliable way to know whether the fuel pump is getting power is by hearing a buzzing sound on switching on the ignition key.

Will a fuel pump work without a relay?

There is no chance that a fuel pump will work if there is any malfunction in the relay. 

Wrap Up

Chevy trucks are notorious for problems in their fuel pump and fuel pump relay, but with a bit of understanding of the basic circuitry, it is easy to fix the problems. 

We hope the troubleshooting methods help you keep motoring. Thank you for reading the article, and do leave us your feedback in the comments section.